MIAMI – Today in Aviation, New York’s Newark Liberty International Airport (EWR) opened in 1928. The facility became the first major airport in the metropolitan area and quickly grew to become the world’s busiest commercial airport.

Initially known as Newark Metropolitan Airport, 68 acres of land were reclaimed from the Passaic River to accommodate the facility. EWR then became the first airport in the United States and reputedly the world to have a paved runway.

It was also the first in the world to have a dedicated Air Traffic Control tower that opened in 1948. Its Art-Deco terminal building, the second airport terminal in the world, opened in 1935.

During World War Two, EWR was requisitioned by the US Army Air Corps for logistical operations. Once hostilities ended it was handed back to the New York Authority and passenger flights recommenced in 1946. Investment then followed with a new terminal, hangers, and runway (04/22).

Newark’s Art-Deco Administration Building was completed in 1935 and is now a national historic landmark. The building was subsequently dedicated by Amelia Earhart. (Photo: Djflem, CC BY-SA 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0, via Wikimedia Commons)

Expansion


After becoming Newark International Airport in the 1970s, the facility expanded rapidly. Two new terminals (A and B) were added in 1973. Terminal C was completed in June 1988. Expansion continued in the 1990s with a new monorail system, which linked the three-terminal opening in 1996.

‘Liberty’ was added to the airport’s title in 2002 after the 9/11 terrorist attacks. United Flight 93, one of the hijacked airliners, had left EWR bound for San Francisco (SFO). In 2019 the airport handled over 46 million passengers.

Its biggest airline is United Airlines (UA), which operates around 65% of all flights from the airport.

United Airlines (UA) is the biggest operator at EWR. The airline operates over 400 daily flights to destinations around the world. (Photo: Acroterion, CC BY-SA 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0, via Wikimedia Commons)

Featured image: Newark Airport. Photo: Newark Liberty International Airport.