MIAMI – Today in Aviation, British Airways (BA) subsidiary BA Connect disappeared from the skies in 2007 after its take over by Flybe (BE).

The airline was a short-lived attempt by BA to compete with the growing presence of low-cost carriers in the UK and turn around its ailing regional operation.

Photo: Alberto Cucini/Airways


BA Connect traces its history back to January 1970 and the creation of Brymon Airways (BC). Brymon was purchased by BA in 1993, and began operating as a franchise carrier under the ‘British Airways Express’ brand.

The company was then merged with another BA carrier – British Regional Airlines (TH) on March 28, 2002, and rebranded as ‘British Airways CitiExpress.’ This allowed BA to consolidate its short-haul operation, reducing any unnecessary overlap with its subsidiaries and franchise partners.

Speaking at the time, Rod Eddington BA’s then Chief Executive Officer (CEO) said that the merger was “a significant step forward in building a strong and highly competitive business in the UK regions”.

The combined carriers served 59 destinations with a fleet of 76 aircraft, comprising 30 Embraer ERJ-145s, five BAe 146s, 13 BAe ATPs, 13 Jetstream 41s, and 15 Bombardier Dash 8-300s.

In a major shakeup, it was announced in December 2002 that its entire turboprop fleet was to be retired. It would also close its regional hubs at Leeds Bradford (LBA) and Cardiff Airport (CWL). But flights from London City to Frankfurt, Glasgow and Paris would be introduced in 2003.

‘Citiexpress’ also pioneered the ‘print-at-home’ boarding pass, now commonplace for travelers around the world. Trialed on its London City routes, the initiative focused on the airlines’ high-yielding business passengers.

Photo: Francesco Romeo Cecchetti/Airways

Fierce Competition

But Citiexpress was not the success management had hoped for and BA’s regional operation continued to lose money.

In a last-ditch attempt to return to profitability, it was announced that Citiexpress was to be rebranded as a low-cost carrier called ‘BA Connect’. This came into effect on March 26, 2006. 

With a new slogan ‘New low fares, same good service’ the airline would now provide passengers with a buy-on-board service for food and drinks, with fares as low as £25. To set it apart from its rivals allocated seating, a baggage valet facility, lounge access, and BA miles were all still available. 

In total, BA Connect flew from 17 airports in the UK and Ireland on 63 routes. 

David Evans, then Managing Director of British Airways CitiExpress said, “The restructuring of the regional business will set us apart in this fiercely competitive market. We have an innovative service promise for business and short-break leisure air travellers, offering year-round, one-way prices that match the no-frills airlines and the added service promise and resources of an airline of British Airways’ size and stature.”

“The move is a direct response to changing customer needs and the challenges that have emerged in the marketplace since the creation of British Airways CitiExpress. We know air travellers value British Airways’ distinctive brand and the wide range of benefits associated with a full service airline at competitive prices.”

Photo: Alberto Cucini/Airways

Beginning Of The End

However, Willie Walsh’s arrival as the new CEO of BA in October 2005 was the beginning of the end for BA Connect and subsequently the UK flag-carrier’s operations from the UK regions. 

The subsidiary had continued to lose money; £6m in just a year. Wrong aircraft types and a much higher cost base than its low-fare rivals meant they just could not compete. 

Speaking at the time, Walsh said that he did not expect “any prospect of profitability in its current form. We think this part of the business is best left to those who see it as their core activity.”

And so on November 3, 2006 it was announced that BA Connect would be ‘sold’ to British low-cost regional carrier Flybe.

The deal actually saw BA pay Flybe approximately £150m for the business, as well as taking a 15% stake in the combined airlines. This would ensure that the new owners were protected financially during the transition period.

Flybe announced it would be retiring the entire BA Connect fleet, which at the time, comprised – two BAe 146s, four Bombardier Dash-8s, and 28 Embraer ERJ-145s. It then increased its commitment to purchase new aircraft from $1.2bn to $2bn, adding further Bombardier Q400s and Embraer 195s to its order books. 

British Airways also provided commercial support by entering into a one-way codeshare agreement on all previous BA Connect routes, ‘allowing for a smooth consumer transition to the Flybe brand’.

Photo: Alberto Cucini/Airways

The Largest Regional Airline In Europe

The combined businesses would significantly expand Flybe’s network, making them the largest regional airline in Europe overnight. 159 routes would now be operated from 23 UK and 36 European Airports. 

Flybe did however announce that they would be discontinuing 15 underperforming routes, including all flights from Bristol.

The sale did not include services from London City, which were taken over by the newly formed BA CityFlyer (CJ), nor the transatlantic operation from Manchester. 

Commenting on the acquisition, Jim French then Chairman and Chief Executive of Flybe, said: “This is a proud day for Flybe, now Europe’s largest regional airline. The acquisition of BA Connect gives us critical mass across our domestic and European city markets and, with valuable slots at congested European airports, brings our growth plans forward by two years. Flybe is now firmly established as one of the UK’s largest airlines.

Less than a year after its formation, the final BA Connect flight touched down on March 24, before the whole operation was transferred to its new owners the following day. This ended BA’s foray in to the low-cost market and also its point-to-point operations from the UK regions.

Featured Image: Alberto Cucini/Airways